Posted on June 20, 2019

Within six months, Qatar Museums has been honoured for the unprecedented support it offers to the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project (QSAP) by two prestigious institutions, The International Society for Nubian Studies which met last September at the Louvre, Paris, and this May by The Sudan Archaeological Research Society Annual Meeting, held at the British Museum in London.

The aim of the Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project is it to investigate, preserve and promote Sudan’s remarkable heritage and history. It represents a bold and transformative approach to heritage resource management for Sudanese Nubia designed to consolidate and preserve ancient sites by supporting archaeological surveys of unexplored landscapes and the excavation and conservation of these sites.

Founded in 1972 in Warsaw, Poland, The International Society for Nubian Studies provides a focus for those interested in the archaeology and history of Nubia and Sudan, and seeks to promote awareness of the rich cultural heritage of this region. Every four years, the International Conference for Nubian Studies gathers archaeologists, historians, anthropologists and academics from all over the world, who are specialized in studying the very rich heritage of ancient Nubia and Sudan. Through the support of Qatar Museums, the organizers of the conference were able to bring a large group of young Sudanese scholars to France where they could present the results of their work and enter into discussions with senior scholars.  In his speech, Dr. Vincent Rondot, Director of the Department of Egyptian Antiquities at the Louvre and main organizer of the conference, hailed Qatar Museums’ generosity as “an extremely valuable contribution to international scholarship and a warm gesture of humanity.”

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The Sudan Archaeological Research Society is a 28 year old organisation that promotes the research of Sudan’s past, through archaeological fieldwork, international conferences and publication, including the journal Sudan & Nubia in which a variety of QSAP-missions published their results.

Dr. Neal Spencer, Assistant Keeper at the Department of Ancient Egypt and Honorary Chairman of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society said in his speech: “QSAP has transformed the research, protection, and presentation of Sudan’s archaeological heritage. The sustained support over the last six years has enabled archaeological projects from international museums and universities to work with our Sudanese colleagues from the National Corporation of Antiquities and Museums in a manner and scale not previously possible.”

Commenting on the award, Prof. Thomas Leisten, Acting Chief Archaeology Officer at Qatar Museums said: “We are greatly honored to receive such recognition from the international community. At Qatar Museums, we believed that Sudan’s rich cultural heritage deserved attention and thus were able to set up such an exemplary program. This is the essence of our global commitment and interest in celebrating and preserving cultural history, heritage and traditions as well as putting people in touch with their past. ”

In effect, the QSAP project acts as a catalyst that brings together existing but fragmented expertise in the heritage sector in Sudan into a cohesive and sustained effort for the benefit of the country’s history. It focuses on providing sustained support to create, grow and implement regional strategies of heritage management and actively includes communities that live near archaeological sites and which stand to benefit economically from a thriving cultural tourism.

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QM provides funding through QSAP to currently 42 missions from 25 institutions in 12 countries. This program has involved annually more than 200 international experts from 35 countries in all disciplines, but also trained, again, on an annual basis, about 50 young Sudanese in these fields. In addition, ca. 900 Sudanese workers and technicians from local communities were employed by various projects that involved excavation and conservation of heritage sites that date from the prehistoric era until the pre-modern period. One of the key features of the programme is that this funding enables longer, more scientifically focused excavation and post-excavation research. It allows for recruiting additional experts, using innovative and cutting-edge technologies, including 3D modelling, photography and sophisticated anthropological survey. It also enables to initiate necessary measures for site management and lead educational initiatives.

All these activities are supported by the dissemination of research results, the digitisation and cataloguing of archival documents that have not previously been accessible to researchers in Sudan and universities abroad, and the presentation of information to the general public, including university students, and to build local capacity in Sudan. If one wants to get a quick overview of QSAP through statistics, the incredible efficacy of the program speaks for itself: Within the last six years, QSAP missions discovered almost 7000 new sites, and almost 8000 valuable objects were recovered (alongside hundreds of thousands of ceramic shards and other objects). More than 160 sites were protected through fencing and other measures, and 42 sites benefited from new management programs that aimed at planning protection, conservation and presentation. 

102 sites and buildings underwent complete or partial restoration and so did many thousands of objects, including mural paintings, reliefs and inscriptions. More than 120 structures were completely excavated, representing a total surface of more than 68,000 m.sq. More than 250 publications and media programs were published for broader and scholarly audiences, while ca. 50 events and programs targeted the involvement of local communities. Tourists can now learn about history and art at 22 site museums and visitor centers and stay overnight in two luxurious compounds near Sudan’s World Heritage Sites of Meroe and Jabal Barkal.

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