Posted on September 25, 2018

The definitive annual table – now in its 15th year – lists more than 1,250 higher education institutions globally, up from just over 1,100 last year, and features 86 countries, up from 81- making it the most competitive listing yet.

Iraq is represented for first time in the table’s 15-year history. Its University of Baghdad becomes a global top 1000 institution, debuting in the prestigious listing’s 801-1,000 band, with a strongest areas being citation impact (research influence) and international research collaboration. Meanwhile Iran is the best-represented MENA country in this year’s listing. The country has an impressive 29 universities included, up from 18 last year. Its lead institution, the Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, slips from the top 350, to the top 400 this year. However it jointly tops the global table for its citations impact (research influence). While the university is not a global top research institute, it has produced several highly cited, impactful papers this year.

Egypt’s presence in the table more than doubles this year - from nine to 19 institutions. The country’s American University in Cairo retains its position in the global top 800 (601-800 banding). Two institutions - Benha University and Kafrelsheikh University - enter in at the same band, while Mansoura University and Suez Canal University both rise this year to likewise join the top 800, both seeing strong improvements to their citation impact (research influence) scores. Saudi Arabia has six universities included this year, up from five. Its flagship, King Abdulaziz University maintains its position in the top 250. The institution has very strong scores for citation impact (research influence) and international outlook, and, with an improved research (volume) score, could soon climb into the elite global top 200. Meanwhile, Alfaisal University climbs three bands into the global top 350, with a marked improvement to its citation impact score.

Qatar retains one representative in the listing. Qatar University holds its position in the global top 500 - but comes joint top of the global table for its international outlook (with City University of Hong Kong (CityU). THE determines the top universities in the international outlook pillar based on their proportions of international staff and students, as well as their international research collaborations. Elsewhere in the region: The UAE retains four institutions in the table; Kuwait retains one; Oman retains one; Algeria increases its presence, with six institutions included, up from one; Lebanon has two institutions, up from one; Morocco has four, up from three – as does Jordan; Tunisia has three included, up from two; Israel retains six.

Phil Baty, Editorial Director of Global Rankings for THE, said: “THE’s World University Rankings is the most rigorous there is, and this is our most globally competitive listing to date. So it’s particularly impressive to see such an improved presence from the MENA region this year, with greatly improved research influence and international outlook among many institutions. The region has the potential to become a key global competitor – and innovator – in higher education, however in particular it will require intensified focus and investment in research capabilities, and a drive to recruit and retain top global talent, in order to compete with the relentless ascent of east Asia. Embracing these global data comparisons is the key first step. Hugely important in developing greater visibility and fostering future success, they help universities improve and compete regionally and worldwide.”

 Global round and results tables below

On the 2019 global picture, Mr Baty continued: “As China and other emerging nations position universities at the heart of national economic growth strategies, they could well challenge the continued Anglo-American dominance of the rankings in future years. "China’s formula for success – strengthening its international outlook and global partnerships, sustaining heavy investment in lead institutions, an intense focus on attracting and retaining the best global talent – is boosting its reputation and influence worldwide, and other emerging nations have begun to emulate it.

“In contrast – traditional power regions like America, Europe and Australia are experiencing the effects of deepening cuts and creeping isolationism. Maintaining current standards of excellence on those terms is unsustainable, and - amid mounting global competition - we again see signs of stagnation and modest decline among established strongholds. As east Asian universities continue to rise up the ranks, the future of the old elite will depend on strong investment, and positive policies that allow universities to attract and retain the very best international talent.”

THE’s World University Ranking 2019 will be launched at THE’s World Academic Summit at the National University of Singapore.

THE World University Rankings 2019 global roundup 

and results tables

 The Top 10

Oxford University claims first position for a third consecutive year, also topping the list for the research pillar (volume, income and reputation). Cambridge retains second, while Stanford in the US holds steady in third. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) rises one place to number four but the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) drops from last year’s joint third position, to number five – however the university tops the list for the teaching pillar (learning environment). Yale is the highest riser in the top 20, scaling four places to join the top 10, in eighth.

United States: The United States remains the most-represented nation in the table, with 172 institutions, up from 157. Though the majority of its universities – 130 of them – decline or remain static. While nation also continues to dominate the top 200, with 60 universities included, this is down from 62 last year, and more than half (32) decline, while 10 retain their previous position and 18 improve. The nation is led by Stanford University in third, but the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) – last year’s joint third, and which led the ranking between 2012 and 2016 – loses further ground this year, dropping two places to fifth.

Europe: Europe remains a significant power player in the ranking but presents a mixed picture for 2019, amid increased competition. Seven European institutions are represented in the 2019 top 30, the same as last year, and its universities occupy almost half of the top 200.

The UK is surpassed as the second most-represented nation in the table for the first time – with Japan claiming 103 positions to the UK’s 98 (up from 93). Oxford and Cambridge universities top the global table again, claiming first and second position respectively. But the majority of the country’s previously ranked institutions – 77 of them – remain static or decline. The UK remains the second most-represented country in the global top 200 (after the US) - however, takes a modest reputational hit this year with the majority - 21 of 29 - remaining static or declining, and two slipping from the top 200 entirely.

Turkey: Turkey has 23 institutions included in the 2019 table, up from 22. Koç University slips into national second place this year, as it drops down two bands, leaving Sabancı University, which retains its global top 400 position, as the country’s lead institution. Most decline or retain their position. Anadolu University however moves up one band to enter the top 1000, in the 801–1000 band, and jointly tops the global table for its industry income score, along with Istanbul Technical University, which retains its global top 800 position.

Russia: Russia increases its presence in this year’s listing – with 35 representatives, up from 27, but its institutions struggle to progress. Lomonosov Moscow State University, the nation’s flagship, retains its top spot but only just clings to the global top 200 - dropping five places to joint 199th due to falls in its teaching and research reputation and international research collaboration.

China, Hong Kong, Taiwan: Mainland China gets a new number one. Up eight places at number 22, Tsinghua University is the nation’s new number one, surpassing Peking University (down four places to 31) to claim China’s highest position since 2011. Tsinghua supplants the National University of Singapore as Asia’s top institution and overtakes the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and New York University. China’s highest-ranked new entrant, the Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) – only established in 2011 – makes an impressive debut in the listing’s global top 350. China is fourth most-represented globally in the table, with 72 universities (up from 63) - and retains seven in the elite top 200.

Meanwhile four of Hong Kong’s six representatives rise up the table, with five making the top 200 for the third consecutive year, despite increased global competition. And Taiwan has 32 institutions included in this year’s global listing, up from 31, but sees the majority stay static or decline.
2019 entries and exits: The University of Baghdad becomes Iraq’s first entrant in the table’s 15-year history, joining the global top 1000. The University of the West Indies becomes Jamaica’s first entrant – joining the table in the 501-600 banding, with a strong international outlook. Kazakhstan, Nepal and Tanzania also join the table for the first time this year, while Serbia re-enters following a one-year absence. Bangladesh is the only country to drop from the 2019 table, as the University of Dhaka did not submit data.

Global and national tables 2019

Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2019

Copyright Times Higher Education 2018

If any of the tables below are reproduced, you must credit: Times Higher Education (THE) and link to the full results and analysis at (link will go live when embargo lifts on WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 26 14:01 (LONDON, UK)
 2019 global top 200

Institution name Country/region  2019 global ranking 2018 global ranking
University of Oxford United Kingdom  1 1
University of Cambridge United Kingdom  2 2
Stanford University United States  3 =3
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States  4 5
California Institute of Technology United States  5 =3
Harvard University United States  6 6
Princeton University United States  7 7
Yale University United States  8 12
Imperial College London United Kingdom  9 8
University of Chicago United States  10 9
ETH Zurich Switzerland  11 =10
Johns Hopkins University United States  =12 13
University of Pennsylvania United States  =12 =10
UCL United Kingdom  14 16
University of California, Berkeley United States  15 18
Columbia University United States  16 14
University of California, Los Angeles United States  17 15
Duke University United States  18 17
Cornell University United States  19 19
University of Michigan United States  20 21
University of Toronto Canada  21 =22
Tsinghua University China  22 30
National University of Singapore Singapore  23 =22
Carnegie Mellon University United States  24 24
Northwestern University United States  25 20
London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom  26 =25
New York University United States  27 =27
University of Washington United States  28 =25
University of Edinburgh United Kingdom  29 =27
University of California, San Diego United States  30 31
Peking University China  31 =27
LMU Munich Germany  =32 =34
University of Melbourne Australia  =32 32
Georgia Institute of Technology United States  34 33
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland  35 =38
University of Hong Kong Hong Kong  36 40
University of British Columbia Canada  37 =34
King’s College London United Kingdom  38 36
University of Texas at Austin United States  39 49
Karolinska Institute Sweden  40 =38
Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris France  41 =72
The University of Tokyo Japan  42 46
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States  43 43
McGill University Canada  =44 42
Technical University of Munich Germany  =44 41
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong  46 44
Heidelberg University Germany  47 45
KU Leuven Belgium  48 47
Australian National University Australia  49 48
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States  50 37
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore  51 52
University of California, Santa Barbara United States  52 53
Brown University United States  53 =50
Washington University in St Louis United States  54 =50
Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong  55 58
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States  56 =56
University of Manchester United Kingdom  57 =54
Delft University of Technology Netherlands  58 63
University of California, Davis United States  =59 =54
University of Sydney Australia  =59 61
Wageningen University & Research Netherlands  =59 64
University of Amsterdam Netherlands  62 59
Seoul National University South Korea  63 =74
Purdue University United States  64 60
Kyoto University Japan  65 =74
University of Southern California United States  66 66
Humboldt University of Berlin Germany  67 62
Leiden University Netherlands  68 67
University of Queensland Australia  69 65
Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands  70 =72
University of Minnesota United States  =71 =56
Ohio State University United States  =71 =70
Sorbonne University France  73 NR
Boston University United States  =74 =70
Utrecht University Netherlands  =74 68
University of Freiburg Germany  76 82
McMaster University Canada  77 78
University of Bristol United Kingdom  78 76
University of Groningen Netherlands  =79 =83
University of Warwick United Kingdom  =79 91
Pennsylvania State University United States  81 77
University of Maryland, College Park United States  =82 69
Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) South Korea  =82 =111
Emory University United States  =84 98
Monash University Australia  =84 =80
Rice University United States  86 =86
RWTH Aachen University Germany  =87 79
Uppsala University Sweden  =87 =86
University of Tübingen Germany  89 94
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin Germany  =90 =126
University of Montreal Canada  =90 108
University of Zurich Switzerland  =90 136
University of Glasgow United Kingdom  =93 =80
Michigan State University United States  =93 =83
University of Science and Technology of China China  =93 132
University of California, Irvine United States  =96 99
University of New South Wales Australia  =96 85
Lund University Sweden  98 93
Dartmouth College United States  =99 89
University of Helsinki Finland  =99 90
Zhejiang University China  101 =177
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) South Korea  102 =95
University of Basel Switzerland  103 =95
Free University of Berlin Germany  104 88
Fudan University China  105 116
University of Sheffield United Kingdom  106 104
University of Virginia United States  107 =113
École Polytechnique France  108 115
Georgetown University United States  109 =123
University of Bern Switzerland  =110 =105
University of Bonn Germany  =110 =100
City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong  =110 =119
University of Pittsburgh United States  =110 =100
University of Colorado Boulder United States  =114 =100
Durham University United Kingdom  =114 97
University of Birmingham United Kingdom  =116 =141
University of Copenhagen Denmark  =116 =109
University of Southampton United Kingdom  118 =126
University of York United Kingdom  119 =137
Trinity College Dublin Republic of Ireland  120 =117
University of Oslo Norway  =121 146
Vanderbilt University United States  =121 =105
Aarhus University Denmark  =123 =109
Arizona State University United States  =123 =126
University of Göttingen Germany  =123 =113
University of Mannheim Germany  =123 125
Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands  =123 122
Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium  =128 129
Maastricht University Netherlands  =128 103
Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom  130 121
Technical University of Berlin Germany  131 92
University of Alberta Canada  =132 =119
Case Western Reserve University United States  =132 158
University of Western Australia Australia  134 =111
University of Adelaide Australia  =135 =134
University of Geneva Switzerland  =135 =130
University of Hamburg Germany  =135 201–250
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany  =135 133
Nanjing University China  =135 =169
Pompeu Fabra University Spain  =135 140
University of Exeter United Kingdom  141 =130
Pohang University of Science and Technology South Korea  142 =137
Ghent University Belgium  =143 107
University of Vienna Austria  =143 =165
Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain  145 =147
University of Cologne Germany  =146 145
Indiana University United States  =146 =117
Lancaster University United Kingdom  =146 =150
University of Nottingham United Kingdom  =149 =147
Ulm University Germany  =149 =155
TU Dresden Germany  151 =155
Tufts University United States  152 =169
University of Leeds United Kingdom  =153 139
Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna Italy  =153 =155
Stockholm University Sweden  =153 =134
University of Cape Town South Africa  =156 171
University of Florida United States  =156 =143
University of Aberdeen United Kingdom  158 185
University of Arizona United States  =159 161
University of Würzburg Germany  =159 =165
Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy  =161 184
University of Sussex United Kingdom  =161 =147
University of Rochester United States  =163 =153
Technical University of Denmark Denmark  =163 =153
University of St Andrews United Kingdom  165 =143
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands  166 =165
University of California, Santa Cruz United States  =167 =162
Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands  =167 =141
University of Leicester United Kingdom  =167 =159
National Taiwan University Taiwan  170 =198
Newcastle University United Kingdom  =171 =175
Texas A&M University United States  =171 =159
Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong  =173 =182
University of Notre Dame United States  =173 =150
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany  175 =162
University of Lausanne Switzerland  =176 152
University of Ottawa Canada  =176 201–250
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey United States  =176 172
University of Alabama at Birmingham United States  179 168
University of Bologna Italy  180 201–250
Aalto University Finland  =181 190
George Washington University United States  =181 201–250
University of Liverpool United Kingdom  =181 =177
University of Münster Germany  =184 =173
Northeastern University United States  =184 193
University of Twente Netherlands  =184 =179
Cardiff University United Kingdom  =187 =162
KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden  =187 =173
University of Konstanz Germany  189 201–250
University of Duisburg-Essen Germany  =190 201–250
University of East Anglia United Kingdom  =190 =188
Shanghai Jiao Tong University China  =190 =188
Western University Canada  =190 201–250
Aalborg University Denmark  =194 201–250
Paris Diderot University – Paris 7 France  =194 201–250
University of Technology, Sydney Australia  196 201–250
University of Bergen Norway  197 201–250
Korea University South Korea  198 201–250
University of Calgary Canada  =199 201–250
Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation  =199 194

 2019 regional table – MENA

Institution name Country/
2019 global rank 2018
global rank
Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel  201–250 201–250
King Abdulaziz University Saudi Arabia  201–250 201–250
Tel Aviv University Israel  201–250 201–250
Alfaisal University Saudi Arabia  301–350 501–600
Khalifa University United Arab Emirates  301–350 301–350
Technion Israel Institute of Technology Israel  301–350 301–350
Babol Noshirvani University of Technology Iran  351–400 301–350
Jordan University of Science and Technology Jordan  351–400 401–500
United Arab Emirates University United Arab Emirates  351–400 501–600
American University of Beirut Lebanon  401–500 501–600
Bar-Ilan University Israel  401–500 401–500
Qatar University Qatar  401–500 401–500
Amirkabir University of Technology Iran  501–600 601–800
University of Kashan Iran  501–600 NR
King Saud University Saudi Arabia  501–600 501–600
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences Saudi Arabia  501–600 NR
American University in Cairo Egypt  601–800 601–800
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Israel  601–800 601–800
Benha University Egypt  601–800 NR
Beni-Suef University Egypt  601–800 601–800
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Pakistan  601–800 601–800
University of Haifa Israel  601–800 601–800
Iran University of Science and Technology Iran  601–800 601–800
Isfahan University of Technology Iran  601–800 601–800
Kafrelsheikh University Egypt  601–800 NR
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Saudi Arabia  601–800 501–600
Lebanese American University Lebanon  601–800 NR
Mansoura University Egypt  601–800 801–1000
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Iran  601–800 NR
Sharif University of Technology Iran  601–800 601–800
Shiraz University of Technology Iran  601–800 NR
Suez Canal University Egypt  601–800 801–1000
University of Tabriz Iran  601–800 601–800
University of Tehran Iran  601–800 601–800
Tehran University of Medical Sciences Iran  601–800 601–800
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad Pakistan  801–1000 801–1000
Alexandria University Egypt  801–1000 801–1000
American University of Sharjah United Arab Emirates  801–1000 601–800
Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University Iran  801–1000 NR
University of Baghdad Iraq  801–1000 NR
University of Béjaïa Algeria  801–1000 NR
Cairo University Egypt  801–1000 801–1000
Fayoum University Egypt  801–1000 NR
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Iran  801–1000 801–1000
Ferhat Abbas Sétif University 1 Algeria  801–1000 NR
University of Guilan Iran  801–1000 801–1000
Iran University of Medical Sciences Iran  801–1000 NR
University of Isfahan Iran  801–1000 801–1000
University of Jordan Jordan  801–1000 801–1000
K.N. Toosi University of Technology Iran  801–1000 601–800
Kuwait University Kuwait  801–1000 601–800
University of Marrakech Cadi Ayyad Morocco  801–1000 801–1000
University of Mazandaran Iran  801–1000 NR
Mohammed V University of Rabat Morocco  801–1000 801–1000
National University of Sciences and Technology Pakistan  801–1000 601–800
University of Sfax Tunisia  801–1000 NR
Shahid Beheshti University Iran  801–1000 801–1000
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Iran  801–1000 NR
University of Sharjah United Arab Emirates  801–1000 801–1000
Shiraz University Iran  801–1000 801–1000
Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University Morocco  801–1000 1001+
Sohag University Egypt  801–1000 NR
Sultan Qaboos University Oman  801–1000 801–1000
Tanta University Egypt  801–1000 NR
Ain Shams University Egypt  1001+ 801–1000
Al-Azhar University Egypt  1001+ NR
Alzahra University Iran  1001+ 1001+
Assiut University Egypt  1001+ 801–1000
Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba Algeria  1001+ NR
Bahauddin Zakariya University Pakistan  1001+ 1001+
University of Birjand Iran  1001+ 1001+
University of Constantine 1 Algeria  1001+ NR
University of Engineering & Technology (UET) Lahore Pakistan  1001+ NR
Government College University Lahore Pakistan  1001+ 1001+
Hashemite University Jordan  1001+ 1001+
Helwan University Egypt  1001+ NR
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Saudi Arabia  1001+ 801–1000
Kharazmi University Iran  1001+ NR
University of Lahore Pakistan  1001+ 1001+
Menoufia University Egypt  1001+ NR
Minia University Egypt  1001+ NR
University of Monastir Tunisia  1001+ 1001+
PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi Pakistan  1001+ 1001+
University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene Algeria  1001+ NR
Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman Iran  1001+ NR
Shahrood University of Technology Iran  1001+ NR
South Valley University Egypt  1001+ 801–1000
University of Tlemcen Algeria  1001+ 801–1000
University of Tunis El Manar Tunisia  1001+ 1001+
Université Hassan II de Casablanca Morocco  1001+ NR
Urmia University Iran  1001+ NR
University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore Pakistan  1001+ 1001+
Yarmouk University Jordan  1001+ NR
Yazd University Iran  1001+ 1001+
Zagazig University Egypt  1001+ NR
University of Zanjan Iran  1001+ 1001+